Preparation and Mass Loss Study of Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose Carbon Aerogel Prepared from Non-Hazardous Material


Total Views: 52 | Total Downloads: 28

Authors

  • Arif Abdallah Aboubaker Atik Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
  • Mohd Hafiz Abu Hassan Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
  • Syaza Azhari Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
  • Nur Atiqah Nasir Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

Keywords:

— carboxymethyl cellulose, CMC carbon aerogel, preparation, mass loss, concentration, Temperature

Abstract

Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) is a derivative of cellulose that shares its biodegradability, biocompatibility, and renewability while being soluble in water and some organic solvents. It is due to these characteristics that the aerogel produced from CMC will share these advantages. In this study, we produced CMC carbon aerogel from different concentrations of CMC aerogels (1%, 2%, 3%, 4%) and under different carbonisation temperatures (300 °C, 400 °C, 500 °C, 600 °C, 700 °C and 800 °C) for a period of 1 hour and 2 hours. The prepared CMC carbon aerogel samples were then analysed based on the difference in mass loss, which differed according to the varying experimental parameters. In temperatures varying from 300 °C to 600 °C, there was a decrease in mass loss as the concentration was increased due to the physical properties of the CMC aerogel. At higher temperatures of 700 °C and 800 °C, the mass loss at higher concentrations of CMC increased due to the completed decomposition and carbonisation of CMC aerogel.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Brigham, C. (2017). Biopolymers: Biodegradable Alternatives to Traditional Plastics. In Green Chemistry: An Inclusive Approach. Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809270-5.00027-3

Lin, R., Li, A., Lu, L., & Cao, Y. (2015). Preparation of bulk sodium carboxymethyl cellulose aerogels with tunable morphology. Carbohydrate Polymers, 118, 126–132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.10.075

Long, L., Li, F., Shu, M., Zhang, C., & Weng, Y. (2019). Fabrication and application of carboxymethyl cellulose-carbon nanotube aerogels. Materials, 12(11), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12111867

Long, L. Y., Weng, Y. X., & Wang, Y. Z. (2018). Cellulose aerogels: Synthesis, applications, and prospects. Polymers, 8(6), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10060623

Long, L. Y., Weng, Y. X., & Wang, Y. Z. (2018). Cellulose aerogels: Synthesis, applications, and prospects. Polymers, 8(6), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10060623

Meng, Y., Young, T. M., Liu, P., Contescu, C. I., Huang, B., & Wang, S. (2015). Ultralight carbon aerogel from nanocellulose as a highly selective oil absorption material. Cellulose, 22(1), 435–447. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-014-0519-5

Mirzaeian, M., & Hall, P. J. (2009). The control of porosity at nano scale in resorcinol formaldehyde carbon aerogels. Journal of Materials Science, 44(10), 2705–2713. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-009-3355-5

Reuß, M., & Ratke, L. (2008). Subcritically dried RF-aerogels catalysed by hydrochloric acid. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 47(1), 74–80. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10971-008-1733-0

Yu, M., Han, Y., Li, J., & Wang, L. (2017). One-step synthesis of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose-derived carbon aerogel/nickel oxide composites for energy storage. Chemical Engineering Journal, 324, 287–295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.048

Zhang, L., Zhang, B., Yang, Z., & Yan, Y. (2014). Pyrolysis behavior of biomass with different Ca-based additives. RSC Advances, 4(74), 39145–39155. https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ra04865b

Amer, M., & Elwardany, A. (2020). Biomass Carbonization. Renewable Energy - Resources, Challenges and Applications, 0–22. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.90480

Ronsse, F., Nachenius, R. W., & Prins, W. (2015). Carbonization of Biomass. In Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass. Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63289-0.00011-9

Yu, M., Li, J., & Wang, L. (2017). KOH-activated carbon aerogels derived from sodium carboxymethyl cellulose for high-performance supercapacitors and dye adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal, 310, 300–306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.10.121

Kaneko, K. (2003). Surface and Hidden Surface-controlled Carbon Alloys. In Carbon Alloys: Novel Concepts to Develop Carbon Science and Technology. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008044163-4/50004-8

Karaaslan, M. A., Kadla, J. F., & Ko, F. K. (2016). Lignin-Based Aerogels. In Lignin in Polymer Composites. Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-35565-0.00005-9

Buzzi, V., Brudner, M., Maciel Wagner, T., C. Bazzo, G., Paula Testa Pezzin, A., & Abatti Kasper Silva, D. (2013). Caboxymetylcellulose/Gelatin Blends Loaded with Piroxicam: Preparation, Characterization and Evaluation of in Vitro Release Profile. Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences, 03(04), 99–107. https://doi.org/10.4236/jeas.2013.34012

Davidson, D. W., Verma, M. S., & Gu, F. X. (2013). Controlled root targeted delivery of fertilizer using an ionically crosslinked carboxymethyl cellulose hydrogel matrix. SpringerPlus, 2(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-2-318

He, F., & Zhao, D. (2007). Manipulating the size and dispersibility of zerovalent iron nanoparticles by use of carboxymethyl cellulose stabilizers. Environmental Science and Technology, 41(17), 6216–6221. https://doi.org/10.1021/es0705543

Jabbour, L., Bongiovanni, R., Chaussy, D., Gerbaldi, C., & Beneventi, D. (2013). Cellulose-based Li-ion batteries: A review. Cellulose, 20(4), 1523–1545. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-013-9973-8

Ko, H. F., Sfeir, C., & Kumta, P. N. (2010). Novel synthesis strategies for natural polymer and composite biomaterials as potential scaffolds for tissue engineering. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368(1917), 1981–1997. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2010.0009

Published

2024-04-05

How to Cite

Arif Abdallah Aboubaker Atik, Mohd Hafiz Abu Hassan, Syaza Azhari, & Nur Atiqah Nasir. (2024). Preparation and Mass Loss Study of Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose Carbon Aerogel Prepared from Non-Hazardous Material. Malaysian Journal of Science Health & Technology, 10(1), 1–6. Retrieved from https://mjosht.usim.edu.my/index.php/mjosht/article/view/349

Issue

Section

Chemistry