Enhancing Microwave Absorbing Properties of Nickel-Zinc-Ferrite with Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNT) Loading at Higher Gigahertz Frequency

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  • Fadzidah Mohd Idris Kolej GENIUS Insan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
  • Khamirul Amin Matori Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Idza Riati Ibrahim Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Rodziah Nazlan Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • Mohd Shamsul Ezzad Shafie Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia




The rapid growth of electronic systems and devices operating within the gigahertz (GHz) frequency range has increased electromagnetic interference. In order to eliminate or reduce the spurious electromagnetic radiation levels more closely in different applications, there is strong research interest in electromagnetic absorber technology. Moreover, there is still a lack of ability to absorb electromagnetic radiation in a broad frequency range using thin thickness. Thus, this study examined the effect of incorporating magnetic and dielectric materials into the polymer matrix for the processing of radar absorbing materials. The experiment evaluated the sample preparation with different weight percentages of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) mixed with Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 (Nickel-Zinc-Ferrite) loaded into epoxy (P) as a matrix. The prepared samples were analysed by examining the reflectivity measurements in the 8 – 18 GHz frequency range and conducting a morphological study using scanning electron microscopy analyses. The correlation of the results showed that different amounts of MWCNT influenced the performance of the microwave absorber. As the amount of MWCNTs increased, the reflection loss (RL) peak shifted towards a lower frequency range and the trend was similar for all thicknesses. The highest RL was achieved when the content of MWCNTs was 2 wt% with a thickness of 2 mm with an RL of – 14 dB at 16 GHz. The 2.5 GHz bandwidth corresponded to the RL below -10 dB (90% absorption) in the range of 14.5 – 17 GHz. This study showed that the proposed experimental route provided flexible absorbers with suitable absorption values by mixing only 2 wt% of MWCNTs.


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DOI: 10.33102/mjosht.v7i1.151
Published: 2021-03-30

How to Cite

Fadzidah Mohd Idris, Khamirul Amin Matori, Idza Riati Ibrahim, Rodziah Nazlan, & Mohd Shamsul Ezzad Shafie. (2021). Enhancing Microwave Absorbing Properties of Nickel-Zinc-Ferrite with Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNT) Loading at Higher Gigahertz Frequency. Malaysian Journal of Science Health & Technology, 7(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.33102/mjosht.v7i1.151