A Review on the Extraction of Silica Nanoparticles from Poaceae Family via Sol-Gel


Total Views: 74 | Total Downloads: 24

Authors

  • Shya Athiera Ilma Mohamad Sopi Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
  • Mohd Hafiz Abu Hassan Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

Keywords:

Silica nanoparticles, Poaceae family, sol-gel, characterization, FTIR

Abstract

One of the valuable inorganic multifunctional chemical substances is silica, which can be found in crystalline, gel, and amorphous forms. On the crust of the earth, silica is the most complex and abundant family of materials, and it has been used extensively in ceramics, adhesives, detergents, dental materials, electronics, pharmaceutical items, and chromatography column packing. Several kinds of research have fascinated the recycling of agricultural wastes using extraction for useful products such as silica, lignin, adsorbents, cellulose, biofuels, silicon, carbon, and inhibitors. In this review article, we report most of the silica nanoparticles extracted from the Poaceae family since they accumulate significant amounts of silica, and most of them are easily found in Malaysia. This study investigates the significant amount of extracting silica nanoparticles from the Poaceae family via green technology sol-gel technique as pure silica can be produced with the potential to manage the size of the particle, size of distribution, and morphology via the reaction parameters in systematic monitoring. This technique can also produce pure silica using a low-energy method. Subsequently, the key chemical compounds that existed in silica nanoparticles are characterized and identified using FTIR analysis. According to this article, most of the Poaceae family species are considered to gain a high purity of above 90% of silica based on the quantification results. The Poaceae family is recognized for having high silicon concentrations. However, the concentration varies depending on the species.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

U. Kalapathy, A. Proctor, and J. Shultz, "An improved method for the production of silica from rice hull ash," Bioresource Technology, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 285–289, 2002. DOI: 10.1016/S0960-8524(02)00116-5.

V. Selvarajan, S. Obuobi, and P. L. R. Ee, "Silica Nanoparticles—A Versatile Tool for the Treatment of Bacterial Infections," Frontiers in Chemistry, vol. 8, July, pp. 1–16, 2020. DOI: 10.3389/fchem.2020.00602.

M. A. Downing and P. K. Jain, "Mesoporous silica nanoparticles: Synthesis, properties, and biomedical applications," in Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications: Fundamental Concepts, Biological Interactions and Clinical Applications. Elsevier Inc., 2019. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-816662-8.00016-3.

C. E. Boone, "Analytical Approach to the Quantitative Analysis of Silicon in Plants: Its Application to plant Silica Extraction," Analytical Approach to the Quantitative Analysis of Silicon in Plants: Its Application to Plant Silica Extraction, 2007.

B. S. Todkar, O. A. Deorukhkar, and S. M. Deshmukh, "Extraction of Silica from Rice Husk Bajirao," Engineering Research and Development, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 69–74, 2016.

G. Holzhüter, K. Narayanan, and T. Gerber, "Structure of silica in Equisetum arvense," Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 376, no. 4, pp. 512–517, 2003. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-003-1905-2.

O. Markovich et al., "Silicification in Leaves of Sorghum Mutant with Low Silicon Accumulation," Silicon, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 2385–2391, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s12633-015-9348-x.

W. Wei et al., "Effect of Monosilicic and Polysilicic Acids on Cd Transport in Rice, a Laboratory Test," Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, pp. 0123456789, 2021. DOI: 10.1007/s00344-021-10341-2.

J. Lewin and B. E. F. Reimann, "Silicon and Plant Growth," Annual Review of Plant Physiology, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 289–304, 1969. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.pp.20.060169.001445.

M. Fernández Honaine et al., "Leaf and culm silicification of Pampas grass (Cortaderia selloana) developed on different soils from Pampean region, Argentina," Australian Journal of Botany, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2017. DOI: 10.1071/BT16154.

E. Nakamura et al., "Cellulose intrafibrillar mineralization of biological silica in a rice plant," Scientific Reports, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2021. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-87144-8.

O. Katz et al., "Silicon in the soil-plant continuum: Intricate feedback mechanisms within ecosystems," in Plants, vol. 10, issue 4, 2021. DOI: 10.3390/plants10040652.

Y. Liang, J. Si, and V. Römheld, "Silicon uptake and transport is an active process in Cucumis sativus," New Phytologist, vol. 167, no. 3, pp. 797–804, 2005. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01463.x.

S. Faisal et al., "Transpiration-dependent passive silica accumulation in cucumber (Cucumis sativus) under varying soil silicon availability," Botany, vol. 90, no. 10, pp. 1058–1064, 2012. DOI: 10.1139/b2012-072.

J. A. Adebisi et al., "Extraction of Silica from Sugarcane Bagasse, Cassava Periderm and Maize Stalk: Proximate Analysis and Physico-Chemical Properties of Wastes," Waste and Biomass Valorization, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 617–629, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s12649-017-0089-5.

P. E. Imoisili, K. O. Ukoba, and T. C. Jen, "Green technology extraction and characterisation of silica nanoparticles from palm kernel shell ash via sol-gel," Journal of Materials Research and Technology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 307–313, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2019.10.059.

M. G. Simpson, "Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants," in Plant Systematics, vol. 229, 2010. DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-374380-0.50007-5.

G. B. Rao and P. Susmitha, "Silicon uptake, transportation and accumulation in Rice," Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 290–293, 2017.

G. Kickelbick, "Concepts for the incorporation of inorganic building blocks into organic polymers on a nanoscale," in Progress in Polymer Science (Oxford), vol. 28, issue 1, 2003. DOI: 10.1016/S0079-6700(02)00019-9.

R. P. Bagwe, L. R. Hilliard, and W. Tan, "Surface modification of silica nanoparticles to reduce aggregation and nonspecific binding," Langmuir, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 4357–4362, 2006. DOI: 10.1021/la052797j.

S. Liu and M. Y. Han, "Silica-coated metal nanoparticles," Chemistry - An Asian Journal, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 36–45, 2010. DOI: 10.1002/asia.200900228

P. K. Jal, M. Sudarshan, A. Saha, S. Patel, and B. K. Mishra, "Synthesis and characterization of nano-silica prepared by precipitation method," Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 240, no. 1–3, pp. 173–178, 2004. DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2004.03.021

A. Khaleel, W. Li, and K. J. Klabunde, "Nanocrystals as stoichiometric reagents with unique surface chemistry. New adsorbents for air purification," Nanostructured Materials, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 463–466, 1999. DOI: 10.1016/S0965-9773(99)00159-2

J. A. García-Calzón and M. E. Díaz-García, "Synthesis and analytical potential of silica nanotubes," TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 35, pp. 27–38, 2012. DOI: 10.1016/j.trac.2012.01.003

E. A. Okoronkwo, P. E. Imoisili, and S. O. O. Olusunle, "Extraction and characterization of Amorphous Silica from Corn Cob Ash by Sol-Gel Method," Chemistry and Materials Research, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 2225–2956, 2013.

K. Durairaj et al., "Sol-gel mediated synthesis of silica nanoparticle from Bambusa vulgaris leaves and its environmental applications: kinetics and isotherms studies," Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 653–664, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s10971-019-04922-7

M. Raouia, O. Mohammedi, and N. Bouchenafa-Saiba, "Synthesis and characterization of silica mesoporous materials from barley bran for removal of methylene blue," Algerian Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 2021.

J. A. Adebisi et al., "Green production of silica nanoparticles from maize stalk," Particulate Science and Technology, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 667–675, 2020. DOI: 10.1080/02726351.2019.1578845

K. Khan, H. Khan, M. Siraj-ud-Din, and S. M. Salman, "Preparation of silica nanoparticles facilitated by Saccharum munja plant," Inorganic and Nano-Metal Chemistry, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 508–513, 2021. DOI: 10.1080/24701556.2020.1799395

C. N. H. Thuc and H. H. Thuc, "Synthesis of silica nanoparticles from Vietnamese rice husk by sol-gel method," Nanoscale research letters, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1-10, 2013.

G. Falk et al., "Synthesis of silica nanoparticles from sugarcane bagasse ash and nano-silicon via magnesiothermic reactions," Ceramics International, vol. 45, no. 17, pp. 21618–21624, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.07.157

A. B. Wassie and V. C. Srivastava, "Synthesis and characterization of nano-silica from teff straw," Journal of Nano Research, vol. 46, pp. 64–72, 2017. DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/JNanoR.46.64

M. Y. Nur Firdaus et al., "A simple method for the production of pure crystalline silica from lemon grass," BioResources, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 1270–1279, 2015. DOI: 10.15376/biores.11.1.1270-1279

S. Majumdar and N. B. Prakash, "Quantification of Amorphous Silicon by Optimizing the 1% Na2CO3 Method from Intensively Cultivated Rice and Sugarcane Soils in a Tropical Climate," Silicon, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 2989–3003, 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s12633-020-00389-2

E. Sarlaki et al., "Valorization of lignite wastes into humic acids: Process optimization, energy efficiency and structural features analysis," Renewable Energy, vol. 163, pp. 105–122, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2020.08.096

D. Puppe et al., "How big is the influence of biogenic silicon pools on short-term changes in water-soluble silicon in soils? Implications from a study of a 10-year-old soil-plant system," Biogeosciences, vol. 14, no. 22, pp. 5239–5252, 2017. DOI: 10.5194/bg-14-5239-2017

R. Nakamura et al., "Comparative analysis of borate fusion versus sodium carbonate extraction for quantification of silicon contents in plants," Journal of Plant Research, vol. 133, no. 2, pp. 271–277, 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s10265-019-01162-2

F. Guntzer, C. Keller, and J. D. Meunier, "Determination of the silicon concentration in plant material using Tiron extraction," New Phytologist, vol. 188, no. 3, pp. 902–906, 2010. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03416.x

S. Reidinger, M. H. Ramsey, and S. E. Hartley, "Rapid and accurate analyses of silicon and phosphorus in plants using a portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer," New Phytologist, vol. 195, no. 3, pp. 699–706, 2012. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04179.x

J. P. Castro, M. A. Sperança, D. V. Babos, D. F. Andrade, and E. R. Pereira-Filho, "Neodymium determination in hard drive disks magnets using different calibration approaches for wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence," Spectrochimica Acta - Part B Atomic Spectroscopy, vol. 164, p. 105763, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.sab.2019.105763.

A. C. Pierre, Introduction to Sol-Gel Processing. 2nd ed. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature, 2020.

I. A. Rahman and V. Padavettan, "Synthesis of Silica nanoparticles by Sol-Gel: Size-dependent properties, surface modification, and applications in silica-polymer nanocomposite review," Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2012, 2012. DOI: 10.1155/2012/132424.

A. Najafi and S. Ghasemi, "A study of APC surfactant role on the surface characteristics, size and morphology improvements of synthesized mesoporous silica nanopowder through a sol-gel process," Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 720, pp. 423–431, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.05.274.

E. Doustkhah, R. Tahawy, U. Simon, N. Tsunoji, Y. Ide, D. A. H. Hanaor, and M. H. N. Assadi, "Bispropylurea bridged polysilsesquioxane: A microporous MOF-like material for molecular recognition," Chemosphere, vol. 276, pp. 1–25, 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.130181.

R. E. Yanes and F. Tamanoi, "Development of mesoporous silica nanomaterials as a vehicle for anticancer drug delivery," Therapeutic Delivery, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 389–404, 2012. DOI: 10.4155/tde.12.9.

J. Lu, M. Liong, J. I. Zink, and F. Tamanoi, "Mesoporous silica nanoparticles as a delivery system for hydrophobic anticancer drugs," Small, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1341–1346, 2007. DOI: 10.1002/smll.200700005.

S. Kwon, R. K. Singh, R. A. Perez, E. A. A. Neel, H. W. Kim, and W. Chrzanowski, "Silica-based mesoporous nanoparticles for controlled drug delivery," Journal of Tissue Engineering, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–18, 2013. DOI: 10.1177/2041731413503357.

J. Lu, M. Liong, Z. Li, J. I. Zink, and F. Tamanoi, "Biocompatibility, biodistribution, and drug-delivery efficiency of mesoporous silica nanoparticles for cancer therapy in animals," Small, vol. 6, no. 16, pp. 1794–1805, 2010. DOI: 10.1002/smll.201000538.

J. S. Souris, C. H. Lee, S. H. Cheng, C. T. Chen, C. S. Yang, J. a. A. Ho, C. Y. Mou, and L. W. Lo, "Surface charge-mediated rapid hepatobiliary excretion of mesoporous silica nanoparticles," Biomaterials, vol. 31, no. 21, pp. 5564–5574, 2010. DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2010.03.048.

X. Huang, L. Li, T. Liu, N. Hao, H. Liu, D. Chen, and F. Tang, "The shape effect of mesoporous silica nanoparticles on biodistribution, clearance, and biocompatibility in vivo," ACS Nano, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 5390–5399, 2011. DOI: 10.1021/nn200365a.

M. Khairul Hanif Mohd Nazri and N. Sapawe, "Effective performance of silica nanoparticles extracted from bamboo leaves ash for removal of phenol," Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 31, pp. A27–A32, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.10.964.

E. Akhayere, D. Kavaz, and A. Vaseashta, "Synthesizing nano-silica nanoparticles from barley grain waste: Effect of temperature on mechanical properties," Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 2513–2521, 2019. DOI: 10.15244/pjoes/91078.

A. Mahmud, P. S. M. Megat-Yusoff, F. Ahmad, and A. A. Farezzuan, "Acid leaching as efficient chemical treatment for rice husk in production of amorphous silica nanoparticles," ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 11, no. 22, pp. 13384–13388, 2016.

J. A. Santana Costa and C. M. Paranhos, "Systematic evaluation of amorphous silica production from rice husk ashes," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 192, pp. 688–697, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.05.028.

D. Bossert, D. A. Urban, M. Maceroni, L. Ackermann-Hirschi, L. Haeni, P. Yajan, M. Spuch-Calvar, B. Rothen-Rutishauser, L. Rodriguez-Lorenzo, A. Petri-Fink, and F. Schwab, "A hydrofluoric acid-free method to dissolve and quantify silica nanoparticles in aqueous and solid matrices," Scientific Reports, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2019. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-44128-z.

S. Saleh, A. Younis, R. Ali, and E. Elkady, "Phenol removal from aqueous solution using amino modified silica nanoparticles," Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 529–539, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s11814-018-0217-3.

D. F. Hincapié Rojas, P. Pineda Gómez, and A. Rosales Rivera, "Production And Characterization Of Silica Nanoparticles From Rice Husk," *Advanced Materials Letters*, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 67–73, 2019. DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2019.2142.

I. Novozamsky, R. Van Eck, and V. J. G. Houba, "A rapid determination of silicon in plant material," *Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis*, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 205-211, 1984.

Q. Yun Zhu, L. yu Zhao, D. Sheng, Y. jun Chen, X. Hu, H. Zhen Lian, L. Mao, and X. bing Cui, "Speciation analysis of chromium by carboxylic group functionalized mesoporous silica with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry," *Talanta*, vol. 195, pp. 173–180, Jul. 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2018.11.043.

W. Zhang, Y. Xu, C. Duan, and D. Zhang, "Silica analysis in bamboo black liquor by ICP-AES with the assistance of microwave digestion," *New Journal of Chemistry*, vol. 41, no. 17, pp. 8860–8863, 2017. DOI: 10.1039/c7nj00545h.

Z. Movasaghi, S. Rehman, and I. U. Rehman, "Fourier transforms infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy of biological tissues," *Applied Spectroscopy Reviews*, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 134–179, 2008. DOI: 10.1080/05704920701829043.

J. M. Domingues, C. S. Miranda, N. C. Homem, H. P. Felgueiras, and J. C. Antunes, "Nanoparticle Synthesis and Their Integration into Polymer-Based Fibers for Biomedical Applications," *Biomedicines*, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1862, 2023. DOI: 10.3390/biomedicines11071862.

R. R. Castillo, M. Colilla, and M. Vallet-Regí, "Advances in Mesoporous Silica-Based Nanocarriers for Co-Delivery and Combination Therapy against Cancer," *Expert Opin. Drug Deliv.*, vol. 14, pp. 229–243, 2017. DOI: 10.1080/17425247.2016.1211637.

V. Selvarajan, S. Obuobi, and P. L. R. Ee, "Silica Nanoparticles—A Versatile Tool for the Treatment of Bacterial Infections," *Front. Chem.*, vol. 8, p. 602, 2020. DOI: 10.3389/fchem.2020.00602.

S. H. H. Al-Hassnwy et al., "Comparative genetic study for some species of the family Poaceae using the RAPD molecular indicator," *Int. J. Pharm. Res.*, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1-8, Jan.-Mar. 2021. Available: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2021.13.01.351

T. S. Batool, R. Aslam, A. Gul, et al., "Genome-wide analysis of heavy metal ATPases (HMAs) in Poaceae species and their potential role against copper stress in Triticum aestivum," *Sci Rep*, vol. 13, p. 7551, 2023. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-32023-7

Published

2024-04-05

How to Cite

Shya Athiera Ilma Mohamad Sopi, & Mohd Hafiz Abu Hassan. (2024). A Review on the Extraction of Silica Nanoparticles from Poaceae Family via Sol-Gel. Malaysian Journal of Science Health & Technology, 10(1), 7–18. Retrieved from https://mjosht.usim.edu.my/index.php/mjosht/article/view/398

Issue

Section

Chemistry