Facile Preparation of Gold Nanoparticles Silica Composite Film Embedded in Anodized Aluminium Oxide-Glass Substrate

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  • Mohamad Azani Abd Khadir Jalani Kolej PERMATA Insan, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0572-5858
  • Juan Matmin Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia.
  • Siew Ling Lee Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7325-0321
  • Syaza Azhari Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
  • Mohd Hayrie Mohd Hatta Centre for Research and Development, Asia Metropolitan University, 81750 Johor Bahru Johor, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9910-7822
  • Nur Fatiha Ghazalli School of Dental Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian 16150, Kota Bharu, Kelantan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2295-6762




Gold nanoparticles, Anodized aluminium oxide, Glass, Thin film


Thin film based on gold nanoparticles or AuNPs is typically used as catalyst in the industrial processes due to their high stability and good reusability. In this work, a thin AuNPs-silica composite film was fabricated firstly from sol-gel method by mixing gold pyrazolate complex to a medium comprised of ethanol, deionized water, and hydrochloric acid followed by addition of tetrabutyl orthosilicate as silica source. Next, 70 microliters of the sol-gel solution were spin-coated on several type of substrates such as glass, anodized aluminium oxide or AAO, and combination of both to yield gold complex-silica composite film. It was found that gold complex-silica composite film fabricated on combination of both AAO-glass substrate gave the best quality based on its surface thickness, layer uniformity and film brittleness. Later, the film was selected and subjected to thermal hydrogen reduction at 210 degrees Celsius for 2 hours to facilitate the formation of gold nanoparticles to give AuNPs-silica in AAO-glass film. Before the heat treatment, the light-brownish colour of the original gold complex-silica in AAO-glass film in daylight will appear as a pinkish red film under UV light, suggesting the interaction between gold atoms and supported by its luminescence spectrum at 692 nm. Upon heat treatment, the resulting AuNPs-silica in AAO-glass film gave a deep-red colour indicating the successful formation of AuNPs. The presence of AuNPs in the film was further confirmed based on the absorption peak at 545 nm, X-ray diffraction pattern at 38.20 degrees for d111 plane in wide-angle region, transmission electron microscopy images showing a small and sphere shape particles as well as its elemental composition in energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Moreover, scanning electron microscope images also suggested that the AAO pores is fully filled with the composite and is in accordance with its surface roughness study via atomic force microscopy analysis.


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DOI: 10.33102/mjosht.v10i1.402
Published: 2024-04-05

How to Cite

Mohamad Azani Abd Khadir Jalani, Juan Matmin, Siew Ling Lee, Syaza Azhari, Mohd Hayrie Mohd Hatta, & Nur Fatiha Ghazalli. (2024). Facile Preparation of Gold Nanoparticles Silica Composite Film Embedded in Anodized Aluminium Oxide-Glass Substrate. Malaysian Journal of Science Health & Technology, 10(1), 19–25. https://doi.org/10.33102/mjosht.v10i1.402