A Review on Cosmetic Formulations and Physicochemical Characteristics of Emollient and Day Cream Using Vegetable Based-Wax Ester


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Authors

  • Nooratiqah Azmi Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
  • Salina Mat Radzi Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
  • Maryam Mohamed Rehan Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
  • Nur Amalina Mohd Amin Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33102/mjosht.v8i2.291

Keywords:

cosmetic, emollient, day cream, physicochemical characteristics

Abstract

The cosmetic sector is one of the fastest-growing industries and continuously evolving as new technology is established. Skincare, haircare, make-up, and body care items were among the products available. Cosmetic formulas have progressed in recent years, allowing for the creation of more beneficial cosmetics. In chemistry, solids, liquids, and gases are primarily physicochemical characteristics. These are typically determined by a density, refractive index (RI), oxidation state, and vibrational frequency measurement. Physical and chemical qualities show a distinct feature that aids in the formulation of an enhanced emollient and day cream. This paper focuses on physicochemical   characteristics such as RI, saponification value (SV), iodine value (IV), and acid value (AV). As for this review, the use of synthesised vegetable-based wax ester was utilised to formulate emollient and day cream. The esterification of vegetable-based waxes was performed by synthesising oleic acid from vegetable-based products and oleyl alcohol in the solvent.

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Published

2022-08-08
CITATION
DOI: 10.33102/mjosht.v8i2.291
Published: 2022-08-08

How to Cite

Nooratiqah Azmi, Salina Mat Radzi, Maryam Mohamed Rehan, & Nur Amalina Mohd Amin. (2022). A Review on Cosmetic Formulations and Physicochemical Characteristics of Emollient and Day Cream Using Vegetable Based-Wax Ester. Malaysian Journal of Science Health & Technology, 8(2), 38–45. https://doi.org/10.33102/mjosht.v8i2.291

Issue

Section

Chemistry