Development of Smart Shoes Using Piezoelectric Material

Total Views: 998 | Total Downloads: 455


  • Affa Rozana Abdul Rashid Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
  • Nur Insyierah Md Sarif Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
  • Khadijah Ismail Faculty of Engineering, National Defence University of Malaysia, Kem Sungai Besi, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.



Piezoelectric, Smart Shoes, Polymer, CeramicI


The consumption of low-power electronic devices has increased rapidly, where almost all applications use power electronic devices. Due to the increase in portable electronic devices’ energy consumption, the piezoelectric material is proposed as one of the alternatives of the significant alternative energy harvesters. This study aims to create a prototype of “Smart Shoes” that can generate electricity using three different designs embedded by piezoelectric materials: ceramic, polymer, and a combination of both piezoelectric materials. The basic principle for smart shoes’ prototype is based on the pressure produced from piezoelectric material converted from mechanical energy into electrical energy. The piezoelectric material was placed into the shoes’ sole, and the energy produced due to the pressure from walking, jogging, and jumping was measured. The energy generated was stored in a capacitor as piezoelectric material produced a small scale of energy harvesting. The highest energy generated was produced by ceramic piezoelectric material under jumping activity, which was 1.804 mJ. Polymer piezoelectric material produced very minimal energy, which was 55.618 mJ. The combination of both piezoelectric materials produced energy, which was 1.805 mJ from jumping activity.


Download data is not yet available.


Yang Carmen Emily. What is the piezoelectric effect?. Electronic Design. 2016.

D. Vatansever, E. Siores and T. Shah, “Alternative Resources for Renewable Energy: Piezoelectric and Photovoltaic Smart Structures, MJoSHT202 1, Volume 7, Issue 1, eISSN: 2601-0003Page 55Global Warming - Impacts and Future Perspective,” Bharat Raj Singh, IntechOpen, September 19th 2012.

Sappati KK, Bhadra S. “Piezoelectric Polymer and Paper Substrates: A Review,” Sensors (Basel). 2018 October 24th;18(11):3605.

A.R.A. Rashid, F. Zakaria, “Design and Implementation of Home Security Sensor using Piezoelectric Sensor,” Malaysian Journal ofScience Health & Technology. Vol 5(1), 2020

Dias, T. Smart Fabrics and Wearable Technology. Electronics Textiles., 2015

E. Bischur, N. Schwesinger “Energy harvesting from floor using organic piezoelectric modules”, 2012 Power Engineering and Automation Conference

Szabo, T. L. (2018). Piezoelectric Ceramics. Retrieved from

Mukul Habibur Rahman et al. “Energy harvesting system from footsteps using piezoelectric sensors,” American Journal of Engineering & Natural Sciences (AJENS). Vol 1 (3). 2018.

Yamuna M.B., et al. “Design of Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Vol 3(8), August 2014.

Gamry Instruments. Testing Electrochemical Capacitors Part 1: CV, EIS and leakage current.


DOI: 10.33102/mjosht.v7i1.158
Published: 2021-03-30

How to Cite

Abdul Rashid, A. R., Md Sarif, N. I., & Ismail, . K. . (2021). Development of Smart Shoes Using Piezoelectric Material. Malaysian Journal of Science Health & Technology, 7(1), 49–55.



Integration of Science & Technology