Uncommon Ossicle in Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) Leucospilota from Teluk Nipah, Pangkor Island

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  • Kamarul Rahim Kamarudin Department of Technology and Natural Resources, Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology (FAST), Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Pagoh Campus, Pagoh Education Hub, Km 1, Jalan Panchor, 84600 Muar, Johor Darul Takzim, MALAYSIA
  • Fatin Najihah Muhd Lutfi
  • Mohd Zulhafiz Che Zahri
  • Maryam Mohamed Rehan Food Biotechnology Programme, Faculty of Science and Technology (FST), Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, MALAYSIA




Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota; mitochondrial rRNA genes; ossicle shape; Pangkor Archipelago; spider-shaped rod


The high popularity of a commercial sea cucumber species on Pangkor Island (i.e. Stichopus horrens) has resulted in a lack of studies on Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) leucospilota from Pangkor Island, Perak, Malaysia. S. horrens is the main ingredient of gamat-based traditional medicine on the resort island, while H. leucospilota is the most dominant species. For that reason, this study aimed to isolate ossicles from a specimen of morphospecies H. leucospilota collected from Teluk Nipah Beach, Pangkor Island; and to determine the shapes of the ossicles for species verification. A number of six ossicle shapes were observed. Beside buttons and tables as the common ossicle shapes; I-shaped rod, long I-shaped rod, branched rod, and spider-shaped rod were also documented. Nonetheless, the spider-shaped rod is an unusual ossicle shape in H. leucospilota as there was no previous record on it, thus it could be considered as a new finding. In summary, the results of this research indicate the uniqueness of the specimen of morphospecies H. leucospilota as a result of the presence of the spider-shaped rod. More studies with more samples, more morphological approaches as well as more molecular techniques need to be incorporated in future for a better insight.


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DOI: 10.33102/mjosht.v2iSpecial Issue.22
Published: 2018-10-31

How to Cite

Kamarudin, K. R., Muhd Lutfi, F. N., Che Zahri, M. Z., & Mohamed Rehan, M. (2018). Uncommon Ossicle in Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) Leucospilota from Teluk Nipah, Pangkor Island. Malaysian Journal of Science Health & Technology, 2(Special Issue). https://doi.org/10.33102/mjosht.v2iSpecial Issue.22



Integration of Science & Technology