An Overview of Golden Spice’s (Turmeric) Medicinal Properties for Future Development Potential
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Traditional medicines that are derived mainly from herbaceous plants are widely used for years in many regions of the world. Currently, the world is facing the emergence of resistant microorganisms due to the overuse and misuse of antibiotics and the lack of new drug development. In consequence, the discovery of natural phytochemicals that are safe, cheap, non-toxic, and readily available would be an acceptable alternative source. Turmeric, scientifically known as Curcuma longa, in the family of Zingiberaceae (ginger) is well known for its diverse therapeutic properties. The medicinal properties of turmeric include antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-carcinogenic, cardioprotective, gastroprotective, hepatoprotective, and many more. Numerous studies have shown that curcumin (1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione), which is the most active compound of turmeric, plays a significant role as a therapeutic agent. The present article provides a brief overview of the plethora of research regarding the medicinal properties of golden spice (turmeric), specifically of curcumin's role in the treatment of various illnesses. Interestingly, turmeric might play a role in protecting COVID-19 patients against the development of lung injury caused by cytokine storms. Hence, this warrants further scientific research to monitor the anti-inflammatory effect of turmeric on SARS-CoV-2.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Zarini Ismail, Nur Ain Nabila Mazuki
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